Turkey

Capital Ankara

Population 78,741,053

Area 783,562 km2

Key facts

Turkey is a country located in Western Asia. There are 8 countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Syria) that Turkey shares its borders with. The official language of Turkey is Turkish. Traveling across Turkey if English is your first (and only) language may be difficult due to language barriers.

In the EF English Competency Index (EF EPI), which assesses the language proficiency of non-native speaking countries, Turkey was ranked 70th out of 100 countries in 2021.

The national currency in Turkey is Turkish lira (TRY). The lira (₺) is subdivided into 100 kuruş (Kr).

With today’s currency rate, 1 EUR is worth 20.22 TRY and 1 USD is worth 18.84 TRY.

Turkish
Banknotes

5102050100200

Turkish
Coins

5Kr10Kr25Kr50Kr11Kr

Check with your bank before your trip to find out if there are any fees for using your card abroad. Some banks do not charge fees when you use a foreign ATM or pay in foreign currency, but others may charge a fixed cost for each transaction or allow a limited number of free withdrawals. The travel card provided by Wise.com, Revolut or Monose might be an excellent option to cut down on transaction fees.

Ookla® Speedtest The average fixed internet speed in Turkey is 64.52 Mbps and mobile is 50.46 Mbs.The global average is 150.61 Mbps and 97.08 Mbps respectively.

ATM Density Turkey has more ATMs than most other countries.82.31 ATMs per 100,000 people.The global average is 41.24.

SIM Registration In order to purchase a SIM card in Turkey, a passport or ID is required as identification.

Socket types

There are 2 socket types used in Turkey. Type C is a popular socket type throughout Europe (except the United Kingdom), Russia, and certain Asian countries.

Type C 220 V, 50 Hz  Type F 220 V, 50 Hz  

The sockets’ shapes and voltage differ from country to country and a travel plug adapter may be required. Portable devices, such as phones, notebooks or tablets, usually handle the entire range of voltages used across the world (110-240V).

Public holidays

In the year 2023, Turkey will celebrate 14 national public holidays. The next one Eid al-Fitr First Day will take place on April 21.

Date Holiday name
January 1, 2023 New Year’s DayYılbaşı
April 21, 2023 Eid al-Fitr First DayRamazan Bayramı 1. Gün
April 22, 2023 Eid al-Fitr Second DayRamazan Bayramı 2. Gün
April 23, 2023 Eid al-Fitr Third DayRamazan Bayramı 3. Gün
May 1, 2023 Labour Dayİşçi Bayramı
May 19, 2023 Atatürk Commemoration & Youth DayAtatürk’ü Anma, Gençlik ve Spor Bayramı
June 28, 2023 Eid al-Adha First DayKurban Bayramı 1. Gün
June 29, 2023 Eid al-Adha Second DayKurban Bayramı 2. Gün
June 30, 2023 Eid al-Adha Third DayKurban Bayramı 3. Gün
July 1, 2023 Eid al-Adha Fourth DayKurban Bayramı 4. Gün
July 15, 2023 Democracy and National Unity DayDemokrasi ve Millî Birlik Günü
August 30, 2023 Victory DayZafer Bayramı
October 29, 2023 Republic DayCumhuriyet Bayramı

Tourism

What hotel chains are present in Turkey?

There are Mariott hotels in 2 cities: Istanbul and Izmir.

The Hilton hotel chain operates in Turkey.

The IHG hotel chain operates in Turkey.

The Best Western hotel chain operates in Turkey.

There are Radisson hotels in 12 cities.

The Accor hotel chain operates in Turkey.

What fast food chains are present in Turkey?

The McDonald’s chain operates in Turkey.

The KFC chain operates in Turkey.

The Burger King chain operates in Turkey.

The Subway chain operates in Turkey.

The Domino’s Pizza chain operates in Turkey.

The Starbucks chain operates in Turkey.

Weather

What is the weather like in Ankara?

Today the sun in Ankara, rises at 7:47 AM and sets at 6:18 PM. The climate of Ankara may be categorized as a Mediterranean (Csb), according to Koppen’s classification system.

TodayFeb 9OvercastLow: -4.3°C (24.26°F)High: -0.2°C (31.64°F)
FridayFeb 10OvercastLow: -6.8°C (19.76°F)High: 0.2°C (32.36°F)
SaturdayFeb 11OvercastLow: -6.2°C (20.84°F)High: 1.1°C (33.98°F)
SundayFeb 12Partly cloudlyLow: -5.4°C (22.28°F)High: 1.4°C (34.52°F)
MondayFeb 13Partly cloudlyLow: -4.8°C (23.36°F)High: 2.8°C (37.04°F)
TuesdayFeb 14OvercastLow: -3.6°C (25.52°F)High: 2.4°C (36.32°F)

Weather data for Ankara (capital city) by Open-Meteo.com

Transport

Railways There are passenger trains , and some of them are high-speed trains.

Subway Systems The subway system is available in 5 cities.

Taxi Apps You can use Uber in 3 cities. Bolt is not available in Turkey.

Car Rental Avis , Sixt , Hertz are all available in Turkey.

Road Connectivity Index (2016)  With a score of 5.9, Turkey is placed 27th out of 129 nations.

Driving Side In Turkey traffic is right-handed.

Safety

Theft Occurrence Rate  277.00 thefts per 100,000 people in 2014.The global average is 544.

Road Traffic Casualties 6.70 deaths per 100,000 people in 2019.The global average is 16.71.

Travel Advisory Level (U.S. DoS)  Level 2: Exercise increased caution. 

Emergency phones in Turkey

112 Police
112 Ambulance
112 Fire police

Sources

Smoking & Alcohol

Smoking ban Smoking is forbidden in all public indoor locations, with limited exceptions.

Cananbis legality Recreational usage: Illegal
Medical usage: Legal in certain circumstances

The products are only for your own use or consumption, or as a present for members of your household. They may not be imported for commercial purposes under any circumstances.

Alcohol allowance

  • 1 (1L) or 2 (0,75L or 0.7L) bottles of wine and/or spirits

Tobacco allowance

  • 200 cigarettes and
  • 50 cigars and
  • 200 gm tobacco and
  • 200 cigarette paper or 200g pipe tobacco or 200g chewing tobacco or 200g tobacco for nargileh or 50g snuff

Sources

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