Germany

Capital Berlin

Population 81,770,900

Area 357,114 km2

Key facts

Germany is a country located in Central Europe, bordered by nine other countries including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland. It has a population of around 81.8 million people and the official language is German.

Germany is known for its varied geography and climate, with many different landscapes from the North and Baltic seas in the north, to the Alps in the south. The highest point in the country is the Zugspitze at 2,962 meters (9,718 feet), located in southern Bavaria.

Germany is a major economic power in Europe and is a leader in scientific research and technology. It is also the largest exporter of goods in the Eurozone.

EF EPI’s 2021 rankings placed Germany 11th among 100 nations out of non-native English-speaking countries.

The national currency in Germany is Euro (EUR). The euro (€) is subdivided into 100 cent (c).

With today’s currency rate, 1 USD is worth 0.93 EUR.

German
Banknotes

€5€10€20€50€100€200€500

German
Coins

€1€25c10c20c50c1c2c

Check with your bank before your trip to find out if there are any fees for using your card abroad. Some banks do not charge fees when you use a foreign ATM or pay in foreign currency, but others may charge a fixed cost for each transaction or allow a limited number of free withdrawals. The travel card provided by Wise.com, Revolut or Monose might be an excellent option to cut down on transaction fees.

Ookla® Speedtest The average fixed internet speed in Germany is 153.77 Mbps and mobile is 112.68 Mbs.The global average is 150.61 Mbps and 97.08 Mbps respectively.

ATM Density Germany has more ATMs than most other countries.129.95 ATMs per 100,000 people.The global average is 41.24.

SIM Registration In order to purchase a SIM card in Germany, a passport or ID is required as identification.

Socket types

There are 2 socket types used in Germany. Type C is a popular socket type throughout Europe (except the United Kingdom), Russia, and certain Asian countries.

Type C 230 V, 50 Hz  Type F 230 V, 50 Hz  

The sockets’ shapes and voltage differ from country to country and a travel plug adapter may be required. Portable devices, such as phones, notebooks or tablets, usually handle the entire range of voltages used across the world (110-240V).

Public holidays

In the year 2023, Germany will celebrate 9 national public holidays. Furthermore, there are 10 holidays that are only celebrated in certain parts of Germany. The next one International Women’s Day will take place on March 8.

Date Holiday name
January 1, 2023 New Year’s DayNeujahr
January 6, 2023 EpiphanyHeilige Drei Könige Regional holiday
March 8, 2023 International Women’s DayInternationaler Frauentag Regional holiday
April 7, 2023Moving holiday Good FridayKarfreitag
April 9, 2023Moving holiday Easter SundayOstersonntag Regional holiday
April 10, 2023Moving holiday Easter MondayOstermontag
May 1, 2023 Labour DayTag der Arbeit
May 18, 2023Moving holiday Ascension DayChristi Himmelfahrt
May 28, 2023Moving holiday PentecostPfingstsonntag Regional holiday
May 29, 2023Moving holiday Whit MondayPfingstmontag
June 8, 2023Moving holiday Corpus ChristiFronleichnam Regional holiday
August 15, 2023 Assumption DayMariä Himmelfahrt Regional holiday
September 20, 2023 World Children’s DayWeltkindertag Regional holiday
October 3, 2023 German Unity DayTag der Deutschen Einheit
October 31, 2023 Reformation DayReformationstag Regional holiday
November 1, 2023 All Saints’ DayAllerheiligen Regional holiday
November 22, 2023Moving holiday Repentance and Prayer DayBuß- und Bettag Regional holiday
December 25, 2023 Christmas DayErster Weihnachtstag
December 26, 2023 St. Stephen’s DayZweiter Weihnachtstag

Tourism

Germany is a popular destination for tourists from all over the world due to its rich cultural heritage, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant cities. Some of the most visited heritage sites in Germany include the Berlin Wall, the Brandenburg Gate, and the Neuschwanstein Castle. These sites showcase the country’s history and architecture and offer visitors a chance to learn more about Germany’s past.

Germany is also known for its beautiful natural landscapes, which offer a range of outdoor activities and breathtaking views. The Black Forest, the Bavarian Alps, and the Rhine Valley are all popular destinations for tourists seeking to experience the country’s stunning natural beauty. These areas are popular for their hiking trails, scenic drives, and outdoor activities such as skiing and rafting.

In addition to its natural beauty, Germany is home to a number of vibrant and diverse cities, each with its own unique character and attractions. Some of the most beautiful cities in Germany include Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg. These cities are known for their cultural attractions, such as museums, galleries, and theaters, as well as their lively nightlife and dining scenes.

Germany is a country with a rich cultural tradition, and there are many unique experiences that visitors can enjoy. For example, visitors can attend a traditional Oktoberfest celebration in Munich, or visit the famous Christmas markets in cities such as Dresden and Nuremberg. These markets are a popular tradition in Germany, and they offer a variety of holiday-themed goods and activities.

Tourism is an important industry in Germany, and the country is well-equipped to handle the needs of tourists. There are a wide range of accommodation options available, including hotels, hostels, and vacation rentals.

What hotel chains are present in Germany?

There are Mariott hotels in 11 cities.

The Hilton hotel chain operates in Germany.

The IHG hotel chain operates in Germany.

The Best Western hotel chain operates in Germany.

There are Radisson hotels in 28 cities.

The Accor hotel chain operates in Germany.

Local delicacies and must-try foods and drinks in Germany

German cuisine has been influenced by a variety of cultural traditions, including French, Italian, and other European cuisines. However, German cuisine also has its own unique characteristics and traditions.

Tourists visiting Germany can try a variety of local foods and drinks, including:

  1. Schnitzel:
    This is a dish made with thin slices of breaded and fried meat, typically pork or veal.
  2. Sausages:
    Germany is known for its wide variety of sausages, which are made with a variety of meats and spices. Some popular types of German sausages include bratwurst, frankfurters, and bockwurst.
  3. Sauerkraut:
    This is a type of pickled cabbage that is often served as a side dish or used as a topping for sausages and other dishes.
  4. Pretzels:
    These are a type of twisted, baked bread that are a popular snack in Germany.
  5. Spätzle:
    This is a type of egg noodle that is popular in Germany, particularly in the southern region of the country.
  6. Rote Grütze:
    This is a dessert made with a variety of berries and served with cream or vanilla sauce.

Germany is also known for its beers and wines. The country has a long tradition of brewing beer, and it is home to a number of well-known breweries that produce a variety of beers. German wines, particularly those from the Rhine and Mosel regions, are also highly regarded.

What fast food chains are present in Germany?

The McDonald’s chain operates in Germany.

The KFC chain operates in Germany.

The Burger King chain operates in Germany.

The Subway chain operates in Germany.

The Domino’s Pizza chain operates in Germany.

The Starbucks chain operates in Germany.

Weather

What is the weather like in Berlin?

Today the sun in Berlin, rises at 7:32 AM and sets at 5:08 PM. The climate of Berlin may be categorized as a Marine west coast (Cfb), according to Koppen’s classification system.

TodayFeb 9OvercastLow: -4.9°C (23.18°F)High: 2°C (35.6°F)
FridayFeb 10OvercastLow: -1.4°C (29.48°F)High: 3.9°C (39.02°F)
SaturdayFeb 11DrizzleLow: 1.2°C (34.16°F)High: 6.8°C (44.24°F)
SundayFeb 12DrizzleLow: 5.5°C (41.9°F)High: 8.5°C (47.3°F)
MondayFeb 13OvercastLow: 3.5°C (38.3°F)High: 7.8°C (46.04°F)
TuesdayFeb 14OvercastLow: 0.7°C (33.26°F)High: 7.2°C (44.96°F)

Weather data for Berlin (capital city) by Open-Meteo.com

Transport

Railways There are passenger trains , and some of them are high-speed trains.

Subway Systems The subway system is available in 4 cities.

Taxi Apps You can use Uber in 8 cities. Bolt is available in 56 cities.

Car Rental Avis , Sixt , Hertz are all available in Germany.

Road Connectivity Index (2016)  With a score of 6.6, Germany is placed 6th out of 129 nations.

Driving Side In Germany traffic is right-handed.

Safety

Theft Occurrence Rate  1,112.00 thefts per 100,000 people in 2020.The global average is 544.

Road Traffic Casualties 3.80 deaths per 100,000 people in 2019.The global average is 16.71.

Travel Advisory Level (U.S. DoS)  Level 2: Exercise increased caution. 

Emergency phones in Germany

112 Police
112 Ambulance
112 Fire police

Sources

Smoking & Alcohol

Smoking ban Smoking is prohibited in all public places excluding entertainment and restaurants. Local limitations may apply in some areas.

Cananbis legality Recreational usage: Illegal
Medical usage: Legal in certain circumstances

You are not entitled to a duty-free allowance for tobacco or alcohol if you are under the age of 17.

Alcohol allowance

Travellers from EU countries:

  • 90L of still wine (60L of sparkling wine)
  • 110L of beer
  • 10L of alcoholic beverages stronger than 22%
  • 20L of fortified or sparkling wine or other liqueurs up to 22%.

Travellers from non-EU countries:

  • 4L of wine
  • 16L of beer
  • 1L of spirits over 22% volume or 2L of alcoholic beverages less than 22% volume

Tobacco allowance

Travellers from EU countries:

  • 800 cigarettes or 400 cigarillos or 200 cigars or 1kg of tobacco

Travellers from non-EU countries:

  • 200 cigarettes or 100 cigarillos or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco
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